The 5 Design Phases and Pre-Design
The design process is divided into five stages. For the purposes of this discussion, pre-design and feasibility studies will not be considered stages. We’ll give you a quick overview of pre-design. The percentages below show how much of an architect’s fee will be dedicated to each step. Schematic Design, for example, accounts for about 15% of an architect’s effort.
The percentages of architectural fees are estimates based on our experience on a typical project. The architectural fee split is a common guideline for allocating an architect’s resources across a project. The following are the phases of design:
Designing a Diagram 15% of Architectural Fees – This Can Vary Design Development (ten percent to twenty-five percent) 20% of Architectural Fees – This Can Vary Construction Documents (ten percent to twenty-five percent) 40% of Architectural Fees – This Can Vary Bidding ranges from 35% to 50%. Construction Administration – 5% of architectural fees – Can vary significantly from 5% Architectural Fees 20 percent of architectural fees – this can range from 20% to 30%
Architectural Fees will vary depending on the needs of the project and the type of project. The Schematic Phase may be longer than usual if a client requires several design options, a physical model, and 3D representations, for example. On the architectural design phases, different architecture firms may propose a varied pricing distribution.
Architectural Pre-Design Services
What we do before we start designing a building is referred to as pre-design. This will involve both the property owner’s and the architect’s early research. Clients do not always engage an architect to handle this part of the project. Pre-design architectural services are frequently provided by our firm. This could involve advising developers on whether or not to purchase a property. We frequently conduct a zoning analysis during the pre-design phase to establish what we may construct. Pre-design includes land surveys and site studies. A licenced land surveyor, not an architect, does the property survey.
During the Pre-Design Architecture phase, the developer may want to determine a project budget. Check read our previous post on Pre Design Architecture to learn more about pre-design. The purpose of pre-design is to figure out what information we’ll need to start designing. Here are a few things to think about:
Analyze the Situation
Survey, geotechnical, financial, and other services are available.
If we’re dealing with an existing structure, we’ll need to test for asbestos, lead, or other dangerous compounds.
Designing a Diagram (SD)
The first phase of design is schematic design. It will account for about 15% of the architect’s work, and thus the overall project’s fees. Of course, the percentages are subject to change. The architect and the owner discuss the project and any specifications offered by the owner during schematic design. The architect does precedent research and property analysis. Zoning and construction code issues that may effect the development will be examined, as well as a site analysis. Schematic design includes programming. This is when the client gives the architect a list of the spaces that will be included in the structure. The size, position, and relationships between all of the spaces are determined by the architect.